road leading to Saint-Martin-de-Fraigneau
The warm seasons, favorable to navigation, have seen more than one Pelletier sail from their native provinces of Perche, Beauce, Aunis, Franche-Comté, Poitou, Orléanais, and Normandie to the colony in New France. Among these Pelletiers, was Pierre, who set sail from the port of La Rochelle sometime around 1665. Pierre Pelletier, son of Jehan Pelletier and Andrée Pouvereau, was born on August 24, 1634, in Saint-Martin-de-Fraigneau in Poitou.
Land Concession in New France
On December 9, 1671, the day before his
wedding, Pierre Pelletier acquired from Lord Denis-Joseph Ruette d’Auteuil
the parcel of land on which he and his new bride, Françoise Trochet dit
Richard, would make their home. Situated in the Seigneury of Dombourg, in
what is today Neuville, this land measured two arpents along the Saint
Lawrence River and forty arpents inland, and on one side bordered Etienne
Magnan, and on the other, Noël Merlin. The Seigneury itself belonged to
Lord Jean Bourdon, who had granted a portion of it to d’Auteuil; the
concession that d’Auteuil granted to Pierre Pelletier was subject to the
following conditions: “To wit, the said party [Pierre Pelletier], or his
heirs, must pay to Lord d’Auteuil, or to his heirs, each year at his home
in the Seigneury of Dombourg, a rent of twenty sols for each arpent of
frontage, as well as a quitrent of two live roosters and six deniers for
the entire acreage of the said concession, the said rent and quitrent
bearing fines of alienation and seisin, per the common law of the
provost-ship and viscountship of Paris; the said party must construct a
habitation on the said land, to be occupied by him or by another within a
year from the date of this presentation; the said party must execute
equally and to the fullest extent all clauses, conditions, and submissions
borne and expressed in the titles of concession for the residents and
habitants of the said Seigneury of Dom-bourg, of which the party is fully
aware, with which the party is satisfied, and which the said party
promises to execute to the fullest degree for the profit of the said Lord
d’Auteuil or his heirs, in the event of the death of the said Lord….”
It is noteworthy that Pierre knew
Nicolas Peltier, originally of Gallardon, in the province of Beauce, who
had arrived in New France in 1636. Notary public Romain Becquet, in the
presence of witnesses Claude de la Serre and Martin Bouffard, drew up the
contract of con-cession; Pierre, not knowing how to sign his name,
initialed only PIP on its pages. Today, the land of Pierre Pelletier
belongs to Jean-Paul Côté.
arrival in New France, Pierre settled on a concession of land measuring
two arpents along the Saint Lawrence by forty arpents inland, in the
Seigneury of Pointe-aux-Trembles, in what is today Neuville, which
belonged to Lord Jean Bourdon.
Pierre Pelletier and Noël Jérémie.
The census of 1666 reports that Pierre
Pelletier worked as a servant for Lord Noël Jérémie, who had acquired a
638-arpent seigneury of his own on the Isle of Patience in 1662.
Noël Pelletier, his second son.
Noël was born in Neuville on December
5, 1675, and baptized at Notre-Dame-de-Québec the next day. He would go on
to become Captain of the Militia in Neuville.
Author : Jean-Denis Pelletier
Latest Discoveries about our
After reading the Origin
Files (“fichier Origine”) about the different baptisms found in
France, I set myself to finding a copy of a document proving that Pierre
Pelletier had a brother, forgotten until now for some three hundred years.
After vain efforts at the Société de généalogie Canadienne-Française
(SGCF) to obtain the address of the French researcher who had indicated
the existence of this document, I decided to place an advertisement in the
forum of the Association de généalogie française (AGF) in Vendée (France).
I wanted to see if any fellow genealogists might be able to go to the
Departmental Archives (AD) in Roche-sur-Yon to locate a baptismal
certificate dated June 24, 1640. Different colleagues replied via e-mail,
confirming the existence of this document, but no one was able to produce
a copy of it as proof because, it seems, the Departmental Archives were
not equipped with a photocopy machine.
« L’an de grâce mil six cent trente quatre le 24e jour d’août à été baptisé Pierre Pelletier fils de Jehan Pelletier et de Andrée Pouvereau Et a été parrain Pierre Guillon et marraine Élizabeth Lalie.
« Le vingt quatrième jour de juin mil six cent quarante ... battizé Louys Pelletier fils de Jehan Pelletier .... Andrée Poumelle [le parrain a été] Louys Bourit et la marraine Catherine Phellipeau par moi Barrangier curé de Saint Martin de Fraigneau »
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